Recent Publications

World Rankings - In March 2021 Ray was informed that Stanford University and the major publisher Elsevier had created a database of 160,000 top scientists, providing data on the global influence of academic research using a variety of impact metrics such as: citations, h-index and the co-authorship hm-index. Data were analysed for (a) career-long (until the end of 2019) and (b) single year (i.e., 2019) impact. Ray’s name was included in (a) the top 2% of scientists regarding data based across their career and (b) in the top 4% of scientists based on the citation year 2019.

  • Baker-Eck, B., BULL, R., & Walsh, D. (2021). Investigative empathy: Five types of cognitive empathy in a field study of investigative interviews with suspects of sexual offences. Investigative Interviewing: Research and Practice, 11, 28-38.
  • Huang, C-Y., & BULL, R. (2021). Applying hierarchy of expert performance (HEP) to investigative interview evaluation: Strengths, challenges, and future directions.Psychiatry, Psychology and Law.
  • Leahy-Harland, S., & BULL, R. (2021). The impact of context on real-life serious crime interviews with suspects. Police Practice and Research, 22, 1009-1026.
  • Milne, R., Shawyer, A., Dalton, G., May, B., Nunan, J., and BULL, R. (2021). Research based practice: Communication at the front-line. In L. R. Shapiro, and M-H. Maras (Eds.), Encyclopedia of security and emergency management New York: Springer.
  • Sandham, A., Dando, C., BULL, R., & Ormerod. T. (2021). Improving professional observers’ veracity judgements by tactical interviewing. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology
  • Zeng, F., Huang, C-Y., & BULL, R. (2021). Police interviews of suspects in China: Developments and analyses. International Journal of Police Science and Management
  • Almansoori, R., Milne, R., & BULL, R. (2020). Exploring investigative interviewing: A Dubai perspective.International Journal of Law, Crime and Justice, 62.
  • Baker-Eck, B., BULL, R., & Walsh, D. (2020). Investigative empathy: A strength scale of empathy based on European police perspectives. Psychiatry, Psychology and Law, 27,
  • BULL, R., & Milne, R. (2020). Recommendations for collecting event memory evidence. In J. Pozzulo, E. Pica, and C. Sheahan (Eds.) Memory and sexual misconduct: Psychological research for criminal justice. New York: Routledge.
  • BULL, R., & Baker, B. (2020). Obtaining from suspects valid discourse ‘PEACE’-fully: What role for rapport and empathy? In M. Mason and F. Rock (Eds.) The discourse of police interviews. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • BULL, R., & Rachlew, A. (2020). Investigative interviewing: From England to Norway and beyond. In S. Barela, M. Fallon, G. Gaggioli, and J. Ohlin (Eds.) Interrogation and torture: Research on efficacy, and its integration with morality and legality. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Denault, V., Plusquellec, P., Jupe, L., …BULL, R., …et al.. (2020). The analysis of nonverbal communication: The dangers of pseudoscience in security and justice contexts. Anuario de Psicología Jurídica, 30, 1-12.
  • Waterhouse, G., Ridley, A., BULL, R., & Wilcock, R. (2020). A study space analysis for multiple interviewing of child witnesses. Child Abuse Review, 29, 544-558.
  • BULL, R. (2019). Roar or PEACE: Is it a tall story? In R. Bull and I. Blandon-Gitlin (Eds.) Routledge. International handbook of legal and investigative psychology London: Routledge
  • BULL, R. (2019). Credible accounts: What they are and how to obtain them. Linguistics and the Human Sciences, 12, 166-176.
  • BULL, R., & Griffiths, A. (2019). Advocating the ‘PEACE’ method: Will it make people cross? In P. Cooper and L. Hunting (Eds.) Access to justice for vulnerable people. London: Wildy.
  • BULL, R., Paulo, R., & Albuquerque, P. (2019). The impact of the cognitive interview in the UK and recent research in Portugal. In J. Dickinson, N. Compo, R. Carol, M. McCauley, & B. Schwartz (Eds.)Evidence-based investigative interviewing Abingdon: Routledge.
  • BULL, R., van der Burgh, M., & Dando, C. (2019). Verbal cues fostering perceptions of credibility and truth/lie detection. In T. Docan-Morgan (Ed.) The Palgrave handbook of deceptive communication
  • Cleary, H., & BULL, R. (2019). Jail inmates’ perspectives on police interrogation. Psychology, Crime and Law, 25, 157-170.
  • Cooper, P., Dando, C., Ormerod, T., Mattison, M., Marchant, R. Milne, R., & BULL, R. (2019). One step forward and two steps back? The “20 Principles” for vulnerable witness questioning and the lack of an evidence-based approach to witness evidence. International Journal of Evidence and Proof, 22, 392-410.
  • Paulo, R., BULL, R., & Albuquerque, P. (2019). Witnesses’ verbal evaluation of certainty and uncertainty during investigative interviews: Relationship with report accuracy. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 34, 341-350.
  • Waterhouse, G., Ridley, A., BULL, R., La Rooy, D., & Wilcock, R.  (2019).  Mapping repeated interviews.  Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 34, 392-409. 
  • BULL, R. (2018). Investigating the truth: Selected works of Ray Bull. London: Routledge.240a. BULL, R. (2018). PEACE‐ful interviewing/interrogation: What research can tell us. In K. Shigemasu (Ed.) Diversity in harmony – Insights from psychology. New York: Wiley.
  • Kim, J., Walsh, D., BULL, R., & Bergstrom, H. (2018). Planning ahead? An exploratory study of South Korean investigators’ beliefs about their planning for investigative interviews of suspects. Journal of Police and Criminal Psychology, 33, 158-174.